A bunion (also known as hallux valgus) is an enlargement of the joint on the side of your big toe, which forms as a result of either an inherited faulty structure or excessive stress on the feet. In the initial stages, a bunion may not be painful, but as the big toe continues to move out of its normal position and lean toward the second toe, it will throw the bones out of alignment, thus producing the bunion’s bump.
- A protruding bump on the outside of the base of your big toe
- Painful inflammation, redness, or soreness around your big toe joint
- Development of corns or calluses
- Persistent or intermittent pain
- Restricted movement of your big toe
If a bunion is treated in the early stages, there are several conservative treatment options that are used to help ease the pain of a bunion, but it will not correct the issue. These treatments include felt pads to relieve pressure, properly fitted shoes with a wide toe box, custom molded orthotics, icing/medications, and changes in your daily activity (i.e. avoiding high heels, limit standing for long periods of time, etc.).
In cases where the bunion has grown beyond the point where conservative measures can be effective, a surgical removal of the bunion and realignment of the bones is necessary.
If you or someone you know believes they may have a bunion, feel free to contact our office at (248)348-5300 or request an appointment on our website. Our podiatrists, Marc A. Borovoy, DPM, and John D. Miller, DPM, are experts in all areas of foot and ankle care, and will be happy to assist you with any problems you may be experiencing.